Full Title: Implications of forgiveness enhancement in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome.
Authors: Toussaint L, Overvold-Ronningen M, Vincent A, Luedtke C, Whipple M, Schriever T, Luskin F.
Publication: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
Publication Date: July 2010
Department of Psychology, Luther College, Decorah, Iowa, USA.
The purpose of this review is to examine forgiveness as a means to enhance coping with the emotional sequelae of two disorders, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue. As with many chronic illnesses, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue often result in a host of negative emotions including, anger, stress, fear, and depression. We contend that learning to become more forgiving may be a complementary treatment to cope with the ongoing stress, frustration, and negative emotions that result from these two conditions. Our review includes descriptive information on fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue, a brief review of the literature on anger and its influence on health, a review of the connections between forgiveness and well-being, and methods to enhance forgiveness in patients' lives. We conclude with a conceptual model that we hope will be useful to design and/or evaluate work on forgiveness in these patients.